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Full text of "Kalaimani Baskarath Thondaiman Kalaik Kalanjiyam"

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PRICE : Rs. 200.00 
First Edition : September 2005 

• KALAIMANI BHASKARATHONDAIMAN KALAI KALANJIYAM 

a collection of Thondaiman's Life Incidents in Tamil • Published by 
His Daughters Smt. Rajeswari Natarajan and Smt. Sarojini Subramanian, 
10, 7th Cross Street, Sasthiri Nagar, Chennai - 20. p : 2491 1615 • 
DTP Executed at : Amma Systems, No. 2, Sivagnanam Road, T. Nagar, 
Chennai - 600 017 (p: 24361518 • Printed at : S. K. B. Printers, 
Chennai - 15 • Sales Right : Nivethitha Patippagam, Chennai - 83. 



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Qui§mwuu($SlG(pm. 



IS THERE A BOON THAT I RECHJIRE? 



— ^^x^ — 

N. Bala Baskar 



6ajflRirL.$$&agji ^rflCajinu j£ 

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<$|g|6iju> ffi_j£^6ir 6dl(^Liu6ir(ojD 

lDfT6wn6id>61]IT&&IT 

We all have very strong belief in the power of prayer and wor- 
ship. That is why we say that "more things are wrought by prayer 
than the world dreams of." 

But when we pray to the Divine, most of us have a problem as 
to what we should pray for. Usually our prayers are for property, 
prosperity and material pleasures. Many pray for a good life for them- 
selves and their friends and relatives. Only a few pray for the well 
being and progress of humanity as a whole. 

There may not be even a single individual who prays to the 
Divine, simply leaving it to the divine to grant him what the divine 
considers is good for him. Our habit is to pray and seek from the 
divine what we perceive as our greatest requirements. 

To people like us, Saint Manicker Vachagar explains what a 
prayer to.the Divine should be. He talks to the Divine: "You know 



206 



3>qt>60Ldgr$ uirefc>&>$&> G^frem&^uiDfrein 



what are my needs. you have been blessing me by granting me my 
desires. You who, in Thiruvannamalai, took the shape of a leaping 
flarne, whose source and Crown could not be located by Visimu and 
Brahma, has shown me boundless compassion by seeking me out as 
a devotee. I seek from you only that which you think I need. If there 
is any other boon that I require even that would be your desire!" 

Such complete acceptance of the Omnipotence of the Divine 
and the aspiration to live a life of devotion is the philosophy of sur- 
render extolled by religious scholars such as in the Vishishtadvaitha 
philosophy. There is nothing in this world that we can have unless 
the Divine desires it. Everything happens as willed by the Divine. 
What other boon is required by one who is steadfast in his devotion 
to the Divine? Such an individual who realises that all things and 
deeds are of the Divine, has attained a maturity called 'Nirvana', a 
state beyond all pain and pleasure. 

And, is that not the aspiration behind all progress? 

Qfbrr6WIGDLl£>rT6&! f5lTg>g)IT CT(tp^ltU * (p61J6OT7 ©LD Lufl& g>6OTgy 




^g fc>^ 



AMMAACHI 



N. Bala Baskar 

Balammal was born in Palayamkottai a small town in Southern 
Tamil Nadu in 1 907. She was the fifth among nine - or may be tensiblings. 
Her father was a well knwon contractor to the British Sahibs and some 
of the buildings put up by him stand solid testimony to his professional 
capability and integrity. Life in the big contractor 's house as a small 
child may not have been all that unpleasant for young Balamma who 
was by far the fairest and the most beautiful of the brood. But the father 
died rather prematurely and the task of bringing up the children was 
taken up by an iron willed maternal grandmother. She saw to it that all 
the children including the girls, got an education. This must have been a 
revolutionary step during the second decade of this century. So there 
she was, this young woman of great beauty, at just 1 7 years of age given 
away in marriage to a short and dark complexioned young man of 20 
years of age. One suspects that Balamma must have accepted the young 
man as her husband only because she may have had no choice in the 
matter. But then it may not have taken her much time to realize that her 
husband possessed an extraordinary intellect. I believe that Thondaman 
Muthiah Bhaskara Thondaman could not have achieved all that he did 
in his lifetime but for the unstinting love and quiet support of his wife. 

Balammal was my maternal grand mother, fondly addressed as 
Ammaachi in Tamil. Ammaachi followed her husband to all the places 
where his government job took him. He rose from being a humble clerk 
in the Collector's Office in Tirunelveli to retire as a Collector himself 
form the old North Arcot District. This in itself would have been a great 
achievement for most men. But in the case of T. M. Bhaskara Thondaman, 
this paled into insignificance compared to his artistic and literary achieve- 
ments as a connoisseur curator, exponent, orator, scholar and writer. 

I was brought up by Ammaachi almost form my birth. When my 



208 <&6ff)60LDOsf) U{T6rO&>$&) Q^^€B7JT6?r)J_lD^€5T 

grand father died in 1965, I was just fifteen years old. But I was old 
enough to know that my Ammaachi never bothered to read any of her 
illustrious husband's writings; I had also never seen her attending any 
of his scintillating lectures on art, poerty and sculpture. I have heard her 
remark to him sardonically as to whether he himself was writing all 
those adulatory letters to himself. 

It was much later in my own life that I realized that Ammaachi by 
her quiet, unasuming and non interfering ways had provided the bed- 
rock of support on which her husband's monumental achievenjents were 
built. Ammaachi loved her husband, her daughtes and all her grand chil- 
dren in a way that is no longer fashionable - without any concern for 
herself. 

She had seen much pain in her life. She had lost a young daughter 
before she was thirty. She lost her only son when he was nineteen years 
of age to blood cancer. Thondaman Thatha himself died just after he 
turned sixty one in 1965. Hardly three years later, her elder son - in - law 
and my father, V.K.C. Natarajan died in a swimming accident at 
Kanyakumari. Much later in 1 990, she lost her younger son - in - law, R. 
subramaniam, also at a comparatively young age of sixty. In 1996, 1 her 
eldest grandson, lost my elder son Niranjan Baskar Nataraajan at nine- 
teen, the age at which Ammaachi lost her son, Karunakaran. She did not 
know of any other family which was visited upon by death and tragedy 
at such regular and unfailing intervals. she had to the best of my 
knwoledge never, touched the Bhagwad Gita. But I realize that she had 
completely understood the teaching about Karma Yoga and was always 
there to give her unassuming and quiet support to her husband, her daugh- 
ters, and her grand children, whose need for consolation was her great- 
est priority. 

It would be a fair assessment to say that Ammaachi gave unto us 
all much more that what we ever could return to her. I am still haunted 
by the images of her emaciated and bony fingers holding my hand to 
console me when I wept at her bedside after Niranjan's death. Hardly 
two months later, she had called it a day on the 9th July, 1996. She was 
eighty nine. As the doors of the electric crematorium closed, I was over- 
whelmed that this was my last look at this simple woman who had done 
so much for us, all her life. Even as the flames caught the bright silk sari 
adorning her body, she looked endlessly affectionate. I wish I had the 
talent and skills with the written word to compose a worthy enough 
eulogy for Ammaachi. 



HAPPY TRIO 






A Happy trio from South India is presently motoring towards 
the north. Their's is an unusual kind of journey. They are on a voy- 
age of discovery. 

The party is headed by the wellknown Tamil scholar, T. M. 
Bhaskaratondaiman, who is making a special study of temple archi- 
tecture and sculpture in North India. Ali along the way he is jotting 
down notes to write a series of articles and books. 

Tondaiman a retired District Collector of Tirunelveli, was in 
high siprits when I met him in Bombay the other day. He told me that 
this was the first time he had undertaken such a trip and was enjoy- 
ing it thoroughly. There had been some hardships on the way. "But 
that's all in the game" he chuckled. 

He had a hearty laugh as he described the manner in which he 
and his companions crossed a small river on their way to the cave 
temples at Badami, near Bijapur. They were drenched to the skin, but 
when they reached the beautiful temple of the 8th century A.D., they 
completely forgot about their discomfort. "It was worth all the 
trouble," he said. 

ART CRITIC 

I was a trifle surprised when this reputed art critic of Tamil 
Nad told me that he began his career as a clerk in the States Revenue 
department on a salary of Rs. 45 per month. With great relish he talked 
about the days when his literary reputation evoked varied comments 
from his colleagues and superiors. Once a superior to whom his name 



210 <£€ff)60LD€ffrf) Utt€rO&>$&> Q &>rT€m€5) L-ID nan 

was recommended for promotion readily consented, and this is how 
he expressed his approval : "Yes, I know him. he is a poet." 

A jealous colleague once remarked to an officer : "Sir, he finds 
time for lecturing and writing for papers, but not for ofFice work" Ony 
one occasion when Tondaiman approached a British boss for per/ 
mission to broadcast a talk, he was wannly congratulated. When tne 
oflfier enquired about the time of the speech would be on the air he 
was politely informed that the talk would be in Tamil. "Doesn't mat- 
ter, I will listen to your voice," said the superior, encouragingly. 

An enterprising man, Tondaiman never allowed his talents to 
be smothered by the routing work he had to handle as a clerk. Even 
while serving, he took up his M.A. in Tamil. He has been a regular 
contributor to annual numbers of various literary magazines. His re- 
cent series of articles in Kalki were hightly popular. He is also the 
author of serveral books. 

DIAMOND MERCHANT 

The other two colleagues of Tondaiman, on this tour are Mr. 
Giridhari Prasad and Mr. K. R. Radhakrishnan. Mr. Prasad is a build- 
ing contractor who is also a literary man. Originally from North In- 
dia, the Prasad family has settled in Coimbatore for the last two gen- 
erations. "My knowledge of Hindi will come handy on this journey" 
he said. 

Mr. Radhakrishnan is a jeweller and diamond merchant. He is the 
one who drives the car. "I am not carrying any diamonds," he smiled. 

During their stay in Bombay, Tondaiman addressed a meeting 
of the Bombay Tamil Sangam where he whowed 50 photographs of 
South Indian sculpture. 

- Sunday Standard 




PILGRIMS FROM SOUTH INDIA 



^©c^ 5 



Three south Indians are currently on a cultural tour of India 
which is almost in the nature of a pilgrimage. 

The three pilgrims began their tour by offering prayers at the 
Ratna Vinayanagar temple in Coimbatore on march 5th. During their 
8000 mile car journey, which will take them from Cape comorin to 
the Himalayas. Their main interest will be temple architecture. Wher- 
ever they can find audiences, they will discourse on the Ramayana 
and the Gita. 

While in Bombay last, Mr. T. M. Bhaskara Tondaiman, the 
leader of the team, gave a talk under the auspices of the Tamil sangam 
and the architecture of the Pallava, the Chola and the Naik periods, 
illustrating it with fifty photographs which he is carrying with him. 

Tondaiman, a retired District collector of Tirunelveli, has 
through the years acquired the reputation of being a connoisseur of 
South Indian sculptures and also as one of Tamilnad's finest inter- 
preters of the Ramayana. 

He had brought out four books on South Indian Sculptures com- 
prising his writings in the Kalki, a Tamil daily. His two companions 
on the cultural tour are Mr. N. Giridhari Prasad and Mr. K. R. 
Radhakrishnan, both from Coimbatore. 

Gita Discourses 

Prasad, who hails from Ayodhya, has settled down in 
ECoimbatore where he is in great demand fbr his discourses on the 



212 



<&6ff)60iDarf) UneK)&>$&> Q^^€Wr^ni_UDTT€5T 



Gita. He delivers them in flouresent and chaste Tamil. He is also the 
Secretary of the Tamilnad Journalists Association and the president 
of the Honourary Magistrates Association of Coimbatore. 

Besides his cultural interest in the ancient are relics of India, I 
guess Radhakrishnan will also look at ancient sculptures for ideas 
for jewellery designs. He is the secretary of the Tamilnad Jewellers 
Association. 

On his tour Mr. Tondaiman will also try to find explanation for 
various popular beliefs in the various regions of India. Ganesh, for 
instance, Ganesh is considered in Tamilnad to be a bachelor, and his 
brother Kartik is credited with being the spouse of two women. 
Tondaiman has noticed that the Maharashrians believe the opposite 
and consequently debar women from entering any temple dedicated 
to kartik. 




iSiDCor, L|(7i)<»9.[Ti£l(Tija&ib 



^0*os&- 



HOLY PLACES 



# 



Venkatam Muthal Kumarivarai - Part II : Tho. Mu. Bhaskara 
Tondaiman; Kalaignan Pathippagam, 10, Kannadasan Salai, T. Nagar, 
Chennai-600 017.Rs. 80. 

MANY RELIGIOUS books have been published throughout 
the world for enriching the devotional ardour of people desiring a 
spiritual elevation. Bharat is indeed a wonderland with its natural 
landscape consisting of huge mountain ranges, small hills, dense for- 
ests, rivers, oceans and temples. 

A trek between Benares in the North and Rameswaram in the 
South is considered a holy pilgrimage. Those who ravel to have a 
holy dip in the sacred rivers like the Ganga, the Cauvery and the 
Tamraparni are delighted in seeing the temples, the fine deities and 
the beautiful sculptures. The historic and Pranic lore the epigraphical 
evidences and the near divine artistic excellence make them feel justly 
proud of their ancient and inimitable unique cultural heritage. 

The author has dealt with 30 places of tourist and pilgrim inter- 
«st in this book, which serves as an authentic guide. In narrating each 
temple complex in a fascinating manner, many details have been as- 
siduously colleted from the Divyaprabandham, the Thevaram, the 
Sangam literature and later literature like Pillaithamizh and 
kalambakam. Importance is given to the many traditions unique to 
the particular temple. The photographs of deities, temples, mantaps 
and tanks lend splendour to the presentation. 

Avoidable though are some references in the book where the 
author mentions that the idol forms of certain deities are not pleas- 



214 



&>6m60LD€m} UfT6TQ&>$&) Q&)ff€Mft€ft)l—LDft€in 



ing. Particularly on page 43, he mention that the heavenward lifted 
right foot of Lord Trivikrama in Tirukkovilur is not natural, lacks a 
historical perspective in the context of the rapturous praise for this 
exalted foot of the Lord by the Mudhalazhwars, Thirumangai Azhwar 
and Desika. 

The front and back covers are elegantly printed in pleasing 
colous with Lord Venkateswara in the backdrop of hills and 
Kumariamman witht he confluence of the three oceans in the 
backgroud. Research scholars and pilgrims alike will inimensely ben- 
efit from this interesting book. 

It will be a useful refernece work for all in interested in the 
study of temples, sculptures and other fine arts. 

- K. A. Manavalan 







^G fote* 



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T. M. C. RAGUNATHAN 

=^©^ 

Tho. Mu. Chidambara Ragunathan, is a short story writer, nov- 
elist, poet, dramatist, biographer, literary critic, researcher, transla- 
tor, journalist and editor, all rolled into one. Dr. Kailasapathy, a re- 
nowned Marxist scholar described him as a doyen in many respects 
in the realm of modern Tamil literature. Ragunathan is indeed a trail- 
blazer of progressive literature in Tamil, the harbinger of the Pro- 
gressive literature in Tamil, the harbinger of progressive writers 
Movement of Tanlilnadu, the herald of Marxist literary criticism in 
Tamil and a pioneer of comparative literature in Tamilnadu. 

Born at Tirunelveli on 20th October 1923, Ragunathan in his 
emergence as a writer owes much to his ancestral legacy and the 
literary environment prevailing in his hometown in his boyhood days. 
His great grandfather was a disciple of the saint-poet of 18th centruy 
Murugadass Swamigal, the author of Pulavar Puranam. His grand- 
father too was a poet who has written Nellai Pallu, the folk form of 
drama in poetry. His father an artist and photographer by profession 
has also produced some prose and poetical works. His only brother 
late T. M. Bhaskara Thondaiman, has written many books on south 
Indian sculpture and Tamil literature. His English professor and men- 
tor in literary studies was A. Srinivasa Raghavan, a Sahitya Akademi 
award winner. Ragunathan had the opportunity of having a good li- 
brary and of getting new books and journals at home itself. Thus 
Kamban and Shelley, Bharathi and Puthumaippithan became 
Ragunathan's favourite wirters. Ragunathans' first short story ap- 
peared in Prasanda Vikatan in 1941, while he was a teenager. 



288 e>€!n60i£)€ti$ uir&v&rs&i Q&,fr€mes)L.U)n€sr 

Ragunathan's brother, a revenue officer under British rule was 
his guard can after his father's demise. But Ragunathan developed 
contacts witht he banned Communist Party which was underground 
in those days. slowly he became a convinced leftist polititcaly, and 
was arrested and detained in prison during the students agitation of 
1942. Though he was released after a few weeks his formal college 
education came to an end with that. In a way it was a blessing in 
disguise in prompting Ragunathan to become a writer by profession. 
He began t o concentrate on writing stories, Poems and articles in 
journals. In 1944 he joined the Dhinamani Publications as a sub 
editior. He left that job in 1946 and joined Muliai a monthly in 1946. 
He worked in Chennai for nine years and then came to his hometown 
and edited and published a progressive monthly of his own, Shanthi 
for more than a year. After ramaining as a freelance writer for more 
than a decade, he joined the Soviet Information Branch, Chennai, 
where he worked as editor for more than tow decades and retired 
from professional journalism in 1988 at the age of sixty-five. 

His first book puyal a novelette was published in 1945. His 
book of literary criticism Ilakkiya Vimarsanam (1948) was hailed 
as a pioneering work of its kind. 

At the turn of the 50s Ragunathan, who had already established 
his identity as a notable leftist progressive writer, brought out 
Panchum Pasiyum, the first socialist realistic novel in Tamil. This 
novel deals with the lives of the handloom workers of Tamilnadu 
highlighting their plight in the first years of Indian independence. 
Deprived of a decent living and loss of work and forced to migrate in 
search of other jobs, the community faced hunger deaths and sui- 
cide. The novel tells about how the class consciousness of the weav- 
ers was awakened and how they stood united to decide their own 
fate. This novel is distinguished for its powerful style, vivid descrip- 
tion of situations and for its ideological insight. Panchum Pasiyum 
has gained the privilege of being the first work of fiction from mod- 
ern Tamil to be translated into an European language, Czech. 

As a poet, Ragunathan neither belongs to the school of gram- 
matical prosody nor of the new poetry. His trenchant poetry recitals 



ffi^neoa &6*T@rf)iUib 289 

in poefs symposia were a sure bet to draw many listeners in the 50s 
and 60s. He has brought out four collections of poems. 

Greatly influenced by Puthumaippithan's short stories, 
Ragunathan had been a close friend of that great writer in his last 
years of life. The biography of Puthumaippithan written and pub- 
lished in 1 95 1 by Ragunathan is still acclaimed by critics and chroni- 
clers as the best literary biography of a modern Tamil writer. 

As the admirer and follower of Bharathis' ideals Ragunathan 
has so far brought out six research works on Bharathi, including the 
Sahitya Akademi award winning work Bharathi kaalamum 
Karutthum. Ragunathan 's deep insight into the poet and his milieu 
and his balanced criticial analysis and pleasant style have made it a 
notable milestone in the history of modern Tamil literature. His work 
Bharathiyum Shelleyum is a pioneering work, unique by its depth 
and breadth in the realm of comparative studies in Tamil. 

Ragunathan's monumental work Ilangovadigal Yaar, an inter 
disciplinary, Marxist socio-historical analysis of the first great Tamil 
epic Chilappathikaaram, is regarded as a thought - provoking study 
of that epic. exploring many myths woven around it. 

As a translator Ragunathan has distinguished himself by trans- 
lating Maxim Gorky 's major novels including his Mother into Tamil 
and also translated into Tamil poetical form V. Mayakovsky's epic 
poem 'Lenin'. In recognition of these achievements Ragunathan was 
selected for the Soviet Land Nehru Award in 1965 and 1979. 

Some of the short stories, poems and literary articles of 
Ragunathan have been translated into Malayalam, Bengali, Hindi, 
Czech, polish, German, Russian and English. Some of his books have 
been prescribed as text books in three universities in Tamil nadu and 
two outside Tamilnadu. 

Three scholars have won doctoral degrees form madras Uni- 
versity and Madurai Kamaraj University for research on Ragunatha's 
work. 



290 



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Ragunathan has so far hel dmany responsible posts and posi- 
tions including member.of the Advisory Board for Tamil of Sahitya 
Akademi (1988-93), member of the senate, Manonmaniam 
Sundaranar University, Tirunelveli (1993-95) and memeber of jury 
for sahitya Akademi Award in Tamil, 1994. 

T. G. sivasankaran described him as the admirable writer who 
has not bartered away his soul for the sake either of position, money 
or power. He now lives in his hometown Tirunelveli. 




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